Conflict Dynamics International develops and implements innovative
strategies for conflict prevention and resolution, and for
humanitarian policy relevant to conflict and other crises.
Conflict Dynamics recognizes an increasing need for targeting
the intersection between humanitarian policy and conflict
Conflict Dynamics explores new approaches to humanitarian
policy and provides direct substantive and process-related
support to conflict resolution activities in the international
arena. Moreover, Conflict Dynamics takes a proactive, outcomes-oriented
approach of identifying specific points at which substantive
and process-related inputs can have the highest impact. In
this way, Conflict Dynamics seeks to efficiently produce results
that are high quality, timely and effective.
Conflict Dynamics International has designed three intersecting
program areas to fulfil its mission. These three program areas
are: Peacebuilding in Transition States, New Frontiers in
Humanitarian Policy and Pressure Points for Conflict Prevention
With these goals in mind, Conflict Dynamics has established
relationships with key players in the field of conflict resolution,
peacebuilding, and humanitarian action, and continues to collaborate
with such organizations as the UN Office for the Coordination
for Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), Harvard University, Save
the Children UK, and Mercy Corps' Conflict Management Group.
Who We Are
Gerard Mc Hugh, President
Gerard Mc Hugh is the founder and President of Conflict Dynamics International. Gerard is a humanitarian entrepreneur with over 20 years’ experience in international conflict resolution, humanitarian affairs and healthcare. With a passionate belief in people’s ability to bring about change in the world around them, Gerard focuses on using bold and innovative approaches drawn from different disciplines to make a difference in the lives of people affected by war and crisis.
Motivated by his experiences working in Iraq in the late 1980s and seeing the direct effect of conflict on people and societies, Gerard founded Conflict Dynamics in 2004 to function as an independent and innovative organization to prevent conflict and to alleviate humanitarian suffering resulting from conflict and crises.
Gerard has led the work of Conflict Dynamics in conducting direct mediation activities and in supporting several peace processes, mediation- and negotiation initiatives, including those on the Sudan and Somalia. He leads the organization’s development and application of approaches to political accommodation in situations of transition.
Gerard has authored/co-authored numerous articles, reports and resources for peace- and humanitarian practitioners – on a range of topics – including humanitarian negotiations, peacebuilding, mediation, and humanitarian access. Gerard is also the lead author of several publications in Conflict Dynamics’ Governance and Peacebuilding series.
Prior to establishing Conflict Dynamics Gerard worked as an Independent Consultant on humanitarian affairs and conflict resolution, and previously held an appointment as a Research Fellow at the Center for International Studies of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Gerard is a graduate and Foundation Scholar of Trinity College Dublin and a graduate of MIT. He holds degrees in political science, mechanical engineering, naval architecture, and mathematics from these institutions and also holds a professional qualification in nursing.
Julia Freedson, Senior Policy Consultant, Humanitarian Policy
Julia is an independent international affairs consultant focusing on human rights and humanitarian affairs. Currently she is the Senior Policy Consultant for Humanitarian Policy at Conflict Dynamics International where she directs the Children and Armed Conflict Accountability Initiative. Julia is the author of Conflict Dynamics’ report, Bridging the Accountability Gap: New Approaches to Addressing Violations Against Children in Armed Conflict.
Julia has worked in the area of protection of children in situations of armed conflict for the past fourteen years, including emphasis on the role of the UN Security Council. Julia was the founding director of the Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict, a network of NGOs, and served in this role for several years. She has conducted research and published various reports and articles on the impact of armed conflict on children and adolescents in Afghanistan, Burma, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and other contexts. She has advocated extensively for policy and program change to protect of children from violations such as killing, maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, child soldiering, and others. She has presented her work before varied audiences including the UN Security Council, General Assembly, Committee on the Rights of the Child, Chatham House and other venues and universities. Her work has been covered by The New York Times, National Public Radio, BBC News and other media outlets.
Previously Julia has worked with the Global Coalition for Protecting Education from Attack, a private philanthropic organization, the UN Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), the Anti-Defamation League and other international organizations. She holds a Master’s Degree from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs and an undergraduate degree in International Affairs from Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut. She lives in Brookline, Massachusetts, USA.
Kirsti Samuels, Senior Advisor, Peacebuilding
Dr Kirsti Samuels is an attorney practitioner with over 14 years experience in constitution building, governance, mediation support conflict contexts. She began working with Conflict Dynamics in 2010 and is currently the Senior Advisor for the Governance and Peacebuilding Program. Kirsti has specialized in countries in conflict, including working in Somalia, East Timor, Ecuador, Afghanistan, Haiti, Iraq and Sudan.
Previously, Kirsti was the Transition Processes Advisor for AECOM/USAID in Khartoum, Sudan (2010). In 2009 she worked in Baghdad, Iraq with the Iraqi Parliament, the Office of the Speaker, and Advisors to the Prime Minister. In 2007-2008, Dr Samuels set up and implemented the Constitution Building Program for International IDEA as Senior Program Manager. She was the lead legal expert involved in the shaping of the UNDP democracy and peace building project for Somalia in 2006. During 2003-2005, she headed up the State-building program at the International Peace Academy in New York, focusing on the challenges faced and the lessons learned from previous state-building experiences.
Dr Samuels has taught Leadership at Harvard University and Law at Oxford University, and has consulted to the World Bank, DFID, the US Department of State, the Clinton Foundation and the United Nations, among other influential institutions. She holds a Doctorate in Law from Oxford University and a Masters in Public Administration from the Harvard Kennedy School. Kirsti lives in Manhattan, and despite her many travels, she always looks forward to coming home to New York City.
Karen Lambert, Senior Advisor, Development
From 2004 to 2012, Karen Lambert was a Restorative Justice Specialist at Alternatives, Inc., a community-based social service agency. In that capacity, she worked with administration, communities and students at 43 Chicago Public School high schools to develop and implement school-based restorative justice practices. During the latter years at Alternatives, Inc. Karen focused on writing and implementing an experiential conflict management program for students in Kindergarten to 8th grade in Chicago's west and south side neighborhoods with collaborative non-profit community partnerships.
Karen is a nationally certified Trainer in Restorative Justice, having been certified by the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). She is certified as a mediator by the Harvard Law School Mediation Program and the Chicago Center for Conflict Resolution and taught Mediation and Restorative Practices as an adjunct professor at Governor's State University in 2009. Karen earned her BA from Miami University in Oxford, OH and studied at the Miami University Dolibois European Campus in Luxembourg and subsequently lived in Montpellier, France. Karen received her Master of Arts in Intercultural Relations with a concentration in intercultural conflict management at Lesley University in Cambridge, MA and simultaneously completed the Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School and the Harvard Mediation Program. Prior to her graduate work, Karen worked in the fields of marketing and organizational development.
Karen lives in the Chicago area with her husband and two children.
Liz Gaere, Country Director, Peacebuilding, South Sudan Program
Liz is Team-Leader for Conflict Dynamics' work on political accommodation in the
Republic of South Sudan within the Governance and Peacebuilding Portfolio,
based in the South Sudanese capital Juba. She also works on CDI's project
promoting political accommodation between the Republic of South Sudan and
the Republic of Sudan, following the independence of South Sudan in July 2011.
Liz joined CDI in September 2011. Since graduating from Oxford with a degree in
Politics, Philosophy and Economics (PPE) in the mid-1980s, she has worked in
the non-governmental sector as well as serving for twenty years in the UK public
service including the Department for International Development (DFID), and has
also recently worked with UNDP. She has broad expertise in leading
international development programs with a specific focus on governance reform
in fragile and conflict-affected states. Africa has been a key passion and focus of
her career, including West Africa (Ghana and Nigeria), and South Sudan, where
she has been based since 2006 working on a variety of developmental, peacebuilding and statebuilding initiatives. Liz's links with South Sudan date back to
1985, when she first visited Sudan as an undergraduate, returning just a year
later to work in the Darfur Region, where she also met her South Sudanese
husband Korby, with whom she has two daughters. Liz speaks Juba Arabic as
well as French; she was awarded an OBE the Queen's 2009 Honors list in
recognition of her contribution to peace and development work.
Paul Simkin, Country Director, Peacebuilding, Somali Program
Paul began in August 2011 working on CDI's Governance and Peacebuilding in
Somalia portfolio. His principal focus is on political accommodation in
Somalia in partnership with Somali authorities, the UN and donor
community. The project will give special attention to building links with
Somaliland authorities, armed opposition groups and the ongoing
Paul comes to CDI with extensive knowledge from East Africa and the
Horn. Paul has worked with donors, the UN and NGOs principally in conflict
and post-conflict scenarios. Paul will be working out of Nairobi and travelling
in and out of Somalia with occasional trips to the Cambridge headquarters.
Roger Middleton, Senior Program Manager, Peacebuilding, Somali Program
Roger joined CDI in May 2013 as Senior Program Manager for the Somalia Program. Before joing CDI Roger worked with Oxfam in Somalia as Policy and Advocacy lead, working on issues related to peacebuilding, humanitarian delivery, and sustainable livleihoods. Before that he coordinated work on the Horn of Africa for Chatham House with a focus on Somalia and the Sudan's. Roger has published widely on issues of politics in the Horn of Africa, Piracy from Somalia, African Peace and Security Architecture and Africa's relations with the EU. He is a fellow of the Rift Valley Institute and has degrees from Trinity College Dublin and the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London.
Joe Belliveau, Senior Program Manager, Humanitarian Policy
Joe Belliveau joined the CDI team in June 2013 as Senior Program Manager working on the Humanitarian Access project. Joe has extensive operational experience with Medecins Sans Frontieres managing programs over the past 13 years in a wide range of countries including Somalia, Ethiopia, Myanmar, Iraq and Pakistan. In confronting the access challenges of these and other contexts, Joe has developed particular expertise in negotiations, context analysis, security management and Remote Management. He has also worked as a political risk analyst focusing mainly on conflict zones in Africa, and more recently has conducted research on humanitarian access challenges. Joe has also published on the problematic mixing of humanitarian aid with political agendas, and is currently pursuing a PhD in that area.
Yvonne Kemper, Senior Program Manager, Humanitarian Policy
Yvonne Kemper joined the CDI team as a Senior Program Officer in July 2013 working on the Children and Armed Conflict Accountability Initiative. Yvonne brings more than seven years of experience working on children and armed conflict both in an operational setting as well as in a policy setting. As a Program Officer with Watchlist, Yvonne prepared up-to-date country reports on children in war zones and offered strategies to the Security Council and others in addressing outstanding protection concerns. Yvonne also served as a Child Protection Advisor in the UN peacekeeping mission in the DR Congo, where she was in charge of monitoring, reporting and denouncing grave human rights violations against children in North Katanga. She has broad experience in devising guidelines, trainings and research studies on children and youth in situations of armed conflict, including developing the child protection core training used for all U.N. peacekeepers. Yvonne holds a Master's in Conflict Management, Humanitarian concerns and Human Rights from Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service and a Master's in International Peace and Conflict Studies from the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg.
Hosanna Fox, Consultant Senior Facilitator, Humanitarian Policy
Hosanna Fox is an independent humanitarian consultant. She is currently the Consultant Senior Facilitator for the Humanitarian Access Program at Conflict Dynamics International. Hosanna has worked in Africa for five years. She worked in a humanitarian affairs capacity with Médecins Sans Frontières in Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria and South Sudan over a period of four years. Her work with MSF focused on external representation, operational advocacy, access negotiations and humanitarian space. She worked in South Sudan most recently as Senior Advocacy and Policy Advisor at the South Sudan NGO Forum. In this role she represented over 300 NGOs on a range of issues, with a particular focus on operational space and humanitarian access. Before working internationally, Hosanna worked for ten years with NGOs in the United States in media and communications. Hosanna holds a BA in International Affairs and International Law from American University of Paris, an MA in Human Rights Law from the School of Oriental African Studies at the University of London and a diploma in French Language and Cultural Studies from the Sorbonne. Hosanna is a contributing author for the textbook Human Rights and Humanitarian Diplomacy: Negotiating for Human Rights Protection and Humanitarian Access published by Bloomsbury Press. She also co-authored an article titled, “Better Not Just Bigger: Reflections on the Humanitarian Response in South Sudan” published in Humanitarian Exchange Magazine in November 2015.
Simar Singh, Program Officer, Humanitarian Policy / Coordinator, Humanitarian Negotiation Initiative
Simar is a member of CDI’s Humanitarian Policy team. She is the coordinator of Conflict Dynamics’ Humanitarian Negotiation Initiative and also works on the organization’s Children and Armed Conflict Initiative. Simar’s professional expertise is in the area of human rights and humanitarian policy. Her work has primarily focused on policy development related the protection of children in situations of armed conflict. Prior to joining Conflict Dynamics in 2012, Simar spent four years working at the Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict, where she conducted research and advocacy on the situation of children affected by armed conflict in several contexts including: the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Afghanistan, Nepal and Colombia. Her work also focused on the development of the UN Security Council’s Children and Armed Conflict agenda. Simar holds a graduate degree in public policy from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, and an undergraduate degree in International Relations from Mount Holyoke College.
Patricia Morris, Program Officer, Humanitarian Policy
Patricia Morris joined CDI as a Program Officer for the Children and Armed Conflict Accountability Initiative in March 2015. She brings to CDI experience in program design and management, media relations, strategic communications for national and human security issues, conflict analysis, and fundraising. Prior to CDI, Patricia was a consultant at the World Bank’s Consultative Group to Assist the Poor, Beyond Conflict, and The Combating Terrorism Center, and formerly, a Herbert Scoville Peace Fellow in Washington D.C. She holds an MSc in Comparative Politics Conflict Studies from the London School of Economics and a BA in Political Science and French from Wellesley College.
Albert Trithart, Program Officer, Peacebuilding, Sudan Program
Albert joined CDI in June 2012 and is currently the Program Officer for Sudan. Albert holds a Master’s degree in conflict resolution and democracy and governance from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and a Bachelor’s degree in world politics and classical languages from Hamilton College. Prior to CDI, Albert worked for three years at the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) supporting election support projects across Africa, including in Liberia and Kenya.
Rukiya Abdulrahman, Program Officer, Somali Program
Rukiya Abdulrahman is the program officer for Somalia. She holds a Bachelors degree in Gender and Development Studies (Nairobi University) and a Masters Degree in Peace and Conflict Management (Kenyatta University). Prior to joining CDI, she worked with the Conflict Early Warning and Response Mechanism (CEWARN), a collaborative effort of the IGAD Member States, whose main focus was targeted at mitigating and preventing violent conflicts in the sub-region. Her focus has been on conflict analysis on cross-border pastoralist and related conflicts. She has worked closely with several government and non government stakeholders who have been instrumental in implementing some of the recommendations given in her analysis.
Terry Muchiku, Program Administrator, Somali Program
Terry is the Program Administrator for the Somali Program. She holds a bachelor’s degree in Project Management among other security courses. Prior to joining CDI in January 2014, she worked with the NGO Safety Program as a Security Trainer in Somalia for two years. She also worked with COSPE in Mogadishu as a Logistics Officer. Terry has great knowledge on Security, Emergency Logistics and Operations that has given her the opportunity to work in East and Horn of Africa.
Elizabeth Wright, Research Officer, Peacebuilding
Elizabeth is the Research Officer for the Governance and Peacebuilding portfolio, where she is responsible for developing Conflict Dynamics’ research methodologies, conducting applied research, and advancing systems for program analysis, design, monitoring, evaluation, and learning (ADMEL). She previously served as a Program Associate with the South Sudan team. Prior to joining Conflict Dynamics in 2012, Elizabeth worked in program management at the Middle East Initiative at Harvard Kennedy School. Elizabeth holds a Master’s degree in Conflict Resolution from the Fletcher School at Tufts University and a BA in Diplomacy and World Affairs from Occidental College.
Jacob Uzman, Junior Program Officer, Peacebuilding
Jacob Uzman is a Research Assistant for the Syria Program in the Governance and Peacebuilding portfolio. Prior to joining CDI, he extensively studied the conflict in Syria as a research assistant for the Harvard University-NUPI-Trinity University Syria Research Project. He has also worked at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in the Proliferation Prevention Program where he researched a variety of WMD threats, including Syria's chemical weapons program. Jacob holds a BA in Political Science and Philosophy from Trinity University.
Reem Mehanna, Research Assistant, Humanitarian Access and Negotiation
Reem Mehanna has thirteen years of experience in planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating gender-related social and economic development projects. Reem worked in numerous development initiatives in Egypt, funded by an array of donors, tackling health, education, awareness raising, income generation and violence elimination. Her last post was a Project Manager for Pathfinder International’s FORSA project (Fostering Opportunities in Rural Southern Areas) funded by the USAID promoting women’s social and economic empowerment. Reem also have been engaged in Egyptian politics where she collaborated in the initiation of some political parties and provided technical assistance to drafting the latest constitution. She holds a Masters of Public Administration and Policy Management from The Arab Academy for Science and Technology in Cairo, Egypt and a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science from Cairo University. Currently, Reem is pursuing a dual degree Masters at Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University namely Sustainable International Development and Coexistence and Conflict Resolution.
Board of Directors
Gerard Mc Hugh (Chair)
Conflict Dynamics often takes on graduate and undergraduate interns at our Cambridge, MA office to support ongoing programs. If you are interested in applying for an internship with our office please email email@example.com.