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Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework

A Framework for Advancing Accountability for Serious Violations against Children in Armed Conflict

The Children in Armed Conflict Accountability Framework is a practical resource that promotes accountability for serious violations of international law committed against children in armed conflict (CAC accountability). The Framework responds to the significant gap that exists in preventing and remedying these violations. It provides individuals and organizations working in child protection, justice, peacebuilding, and related fields with a comprehensive definition and structure for understanding CAC accountability and practical guidance for developing well-informed, context-specific, and feasible options for advancing CAC accountability.

Download the CAC Accountability Framework.

CAC accountability refers to the prevention and remedy of serious violations of international law committed against children in armed conflict and consists of four interrelated components:

  • assigning responsibility for violations through gathering, analyzing, and/or publicly releasing information about perpetrators;
  • enforcing laws and norms through sanctions, prosecutions, and/or imposing other (legitimate) consequences on perpetrators;
  • reforming systems by negotiating, developing, adapting, implementing, and/or raising awareness of relevant institutions, laws, policies, and/or standards;
  • empowering children and their communities by involving those affected in accountability processes and decisions and ensuring that they benefit from tangible remedies and redress.

Two case studies on Colombia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo were created to support practical application of the CAC Accountability Framework:

Case Example: Colombia  |  Ejemplo de caso: Colombia

Case Example: the Democratic Republic of the CongoExemple du cas: La République démocratique du Congo