This Briefing Paper presents frameworks, tools, and a range of six ‘option categories’ for arrangements that can accommodate the political interests and perspectives of the Somali people and their representatives, within and between Somalia and Somaliland.
The adoption of the Provisional Federal Constitution and the selection of a new government in August / September 2012 ushered in renewed opportunities for peace and prosperity in Somalia. In addition, toward the end of the Transitional Period, an initial dialogue between Somalia and Somaliland commenced. Yet, significant security, governance, economic, and social concerns remain. Building on the progress achieved requires the development of governance arrangements that can effectively accommodate diverse political interests and perspectives in all of Somalia and Somaliland. The spectrum of ‘option categories’ presented in this Briefing Paper are designed to contribute to Somali approaches to developing, and implementing, arrangements that can achieve effective conciliation of their political interests and perspectives.