This report, conducted by the Somalia Conflict Early Warning Early Response Unit (CEWERU) and supported by Conflict Dynamics, presents the outcomes of a conflict mapping and analysis exercise conducted in four regions – Gedo, Middle Juba, Lower Juba, and Lower Shabelle. The report examines present and past conflict dynamics in each region with a focus on local stakeholders, social groups, political actors, governance structures, livelihood assets, and available social services. The analysis was conducted using the Conflict Assessment Framework and covered eight thematic issues: conflict profile; causes of conflict; conflict dynamics; actors; governance; security; infrastructure; and factors that can contribute to peace. The purpose of this conflict mapping exercise was to improve understanding of the conflicts in southern Somalia, and to contribute to better stabilization, reconstruction, local governance and development assistance. The report examines the past, present, and possible future clan- and politically-based conflicts in southern Somalia. The assessment also maps key political actors, including main stakeholders, social groups and clans, the security sector, and local governance structures.